- Introduction: Philosophy of Death
- When Do Things Die?
- Death and the Disintegration of Personality
- The Person and the Corpse
- Personal Identity and the Survival of Death
- The Evil of Death: What Can Metaphysics Contribute?
- Death and Eternal Recurrence
- Death in Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
- When Death Is There, We Are Not: Epicurus on Pleasure and Death
- The Badness of Death and the Goodness of Life
- The Symmetry Problem
- The Timing Problem
- Death, Value, and Desire
- Death and Rational Emotion
- Retroactive Harms and Wrongs
- The Makropulos Case RevisitedReflections on Immortality and Agency
- The Wrongness of Killing and the Badness of Death
- Abortion and Death
- The Morality of Killing in War: Some Traditional and Nontraditional Views
- The Significance of Death for Animals
- Capital Punishment
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines when exactly a thing dies; analyzes the metaphysically necessary and sufficient conditions for a thing to die at a time; and discusses the relevant concepts of presentism, eternalism, the termination thesis, cryptobiosis, and the irreversibility of death. It suggests that being dead means having died and not having the capacity to live, and that terminus defines the time a thing dies.
Cody Gilmore is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Davis. He is the author of “Time Travel, Coinciding Objects, and Persistence” (Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, vol. 3, 2007), “Defining ‘Dead’ in terms of ‘Lives’ and ‘Dies’” (Philosophia 2007), “Parts of Propositions” (in Shieva Kleinschmidt, ed., Mereology and Location (Oxford University Press, forthcoming), “Slots in Universals” (Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, vol. 8, forthcoming), and other papers in metaphysics.
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