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date: 27 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews current theoretical models and empirical findings related to social and ecological influences on the development of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs). Specifically, distal factors related to peer (i.e., peer status and victimization, friendship and social support, peer influence), family (i.e., family communication and problem solving, relationship quality, child maltreatment), and neighborhood contexts are examined. A novel conceptualization that integrates biological and psychological factors with social and ecological contextual variables is presented. This theoretical model proposes that social priming and pain offset relief represent two specific mediators of the links between general social influence mechanisms and SITBs. Future directions for studying the influence of social and ecological contexts on the emergence and maintenance of suicidal behaviors and nonsuicidal self-injury are discussed.

Keywords: social influence, peer relations, family functioning, neighborhood, social priming, distal factors, ecological model

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