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date: 18 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter presents a brief historical perspective of the concept of suicide from its origins to its current-day status as a major public health problem. In view of its magnitude and possibilities for prevention, this chapter also reviews its etiology, in terms of both risk and protective factors. Public health strategies are presented and discussed, as well as suicide prevention programs and initiatives outside the public health framework. Strategies and interventions that have demonstrated their efficacy/effectiveness are highlighted. Other interventions that are less effective (including those potentially harmful) also are presented and discussed with special attention paid to youth suicidal behavior. Finally, I recommend efforts for improving existing information and creating new ones (particularly related to suicide attempts) especially in low- and middle-income countries.

Keywords: suicidal behavior, suicide, suicide attempts, suicide prevention, risk and protective factors, suicide prevention strategies, suicide prevention programs, youth, public health

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