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date: 31 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article takes up the task of using surveys to quantify ex ante the value of a public investment project that offers both an excludable benefit stream and an intangible, subjectively valued benefit stream. It specifically describes the use of the Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) to conduct such surveys and to analyze the data to measure the benefits produced by sports public goods. The Lexington survey showed the feasibility of using the CVM to estimate willingness-to-pay for sports public goods, but left unanswered the question of how much major league sports public goods are worth. Pittsburgh's civic pride in its major league status would be intact if the Penguins left, since the city also hosts baseball's Pirates and football's Steelers. Conducting a CVM survey offers an opportunity to ask questions to allow stated preference methods other than CVM to be employed to inform public policy related to sports.

Keywords: Contingent Valuation Method, major league sports, benefit stream, public goods, Lexington survey, Pittsburgh, public policy

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