- Consulting Editors
- Preface to Volume One: The Economics of Sports
- Economics of League Design: Open Versus Closed Systems
- Competitive Balance
- Club Objectives, Competitive Balance, and the Invariance Proposition
- Theory of the Big Dance: The Playoff Pay-Off in Pro Sports Leagues
- Baseball's Antitrust Exemption: History And Current Relevance
- The Reserve Clause and Labor Mobility
- Salary Caps and Luxury Taxes
- International Labor Mobility and the National Basketball Association
- The Demand for Violence in Hockey
- Hockey: Game Design and Overtime
- Field Position and Strategy in American Football
- Network Television Revenue Sharing and Competitive Balance in the NFL
- Competing Leagues, Mergers, and Expansions
- The Bosman Ruling and Labor Mobility in Football (Soccer)
- Labor Supply and Human Capital Formation in Professional Team Sports: Evidence From The Fa Premier League
- Remembering Three Economic Studies on Professional Golf
- The Economics of NASCAR
- To Be or Not to Be: The NCAA as a Cartel
- What Does Intercollegiate Athletics Do to or for Colleges and Universities?
- Is March Madness Contagious?: Post-Season Play and Attendance in NCAA Division I Basketball
- Gender Equity in Intercollegiate Athletics: Economic Considerations and Possible Fixes
- Economics of the Olympics
- The Economics of the World Cup
- Economics of the Super Bowl
- Career Duration in Professional Football: The Case of German Soccer Referees
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter presents some revealing statistics about violence in the National Hockey League (NHL), and discusses economic literature on why violence is tolerated in the NHL. Next, it provides some new evidence on the effects of violence on NHL attendance. Casual observation provides mixed evidence about the effects of fighting on attendance in the NHL. The first stream of the hocket violence literature investigates whether greater violence in NHL contests contributes to greater attendance and higher salaries for players who exhibit violent behavior, and the second considers whether greater enforcement of the rules that are meant to deter violent behavior actually do so. It is shown that hockey fans respond mildly positively to greater violence, and that efforts made by the NHL to reduce the frequency and severity of violent behavior have been met with modest success.
Duane W. Rockerbie, Department of Economics, University of Lethbridge
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