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date: 30 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Third World growth is concentrated in urban areas and accounts for much of the global population increase projected by the United Nations. The trend is disastrously unsustainable. This article is concerned with the immediate dynamics that are faced, the excessively fast urban migration to large cities in the Third World, which threatens serious crises with global consequences. Rather than growth versus sustainability, it focuses on the development trap created by the wrong kind of growth in which many Third World countries are now being caught. Understanding the problem posed by this trap is a prerequisite for heading off the increasing risk of serious crises in large Third World urban areas. The article draws on European information primarily as a guide for designing and supporting limited-scale proactive Third World initiatives on a pilot basis to define useful policies for countering migration pressures, thereby offering experience on which to build much more intensively.

Keywords: Third World, urban migration, development trap, growth, sustainability, migration pressures

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