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date: 16 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Colonization efforts along the Atlantic seaboard and the St. Lawrence River valley came to impose intense pressure on native populations, increasing competition and conflict among many aboriginal groups. This in turn would bring about dramatic changes in political organization, settlement patterns, and demographics. Kin groups coalesced into larger tribal entities. Those closely involved with the commerce began to settle in large villages around trading centers, which made them more susceptible to European control and vulnerable to their devastating infectious diseases. Some would be displaced from their homelands in the East and moved westward, where they subsequently came into conflict with other groups that they encountered. Widespread epidemics of smallpox and other exotic maladies would eventually affect many native populations, reducing their numbers and fragmenting their traditional social systems.

Keywords: cultural dynamics, colonization, St. Lawrence River, aboriginal groups, social systems, tribes

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