- List of Figures
- List of Contributors
- Questioning the Past in North America
- Hunter-Gatherer Theory in North American Archaeology
- Bone Lickers, Grave Diggers, and Other Unsavory Characters: Archaeologists, Archaeological Cultures, and the Disconnect from Native Peoples
- Historical Archaeology and Native Agency across the Spanish Borderlands
- Some Commonalities Linking North America and Mesoamerica
- The North American <i>Oikoumene</i>
- People, Plants, and Culinary Traditions
- Early Paleoindians, from Colonization to Folsom
- Pleistocene Settlement in the East
- Archaeological Histories and Cultural Processes
- Arctic and Subarctic
- The West
- Foundations for the Far West: Paleoindian Cultures on the Western Fringe of North America
- Archaeology of the Northwest Coast
- The Winter Village Pattern on the Plateau of Northwestern North America
- Great Basin Foraging Strategies
- The Evolution of Social Organization, Settlement Patterns, and Population Densities in Prehistoric Owens Valley
- Mound Building by California Hunter-Gatherers
- Diversity, Exchange, and Complexity in the California Bight
- Archaeologies of Colonial Reduction and Cultural Production in Native Northern California
- Northeast and Mid-Atlantic Seaboard
- Plains and Upper Midwest
- Midsouth and Southeast
- Greater Southwest and Northern Mexico
Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses the implications of recent research along the Pacific Coast of North America—which has pushed the antiquity of maritime adaptations in Canada, the United States, and Mexico back into the terminal Pleistocene—for understanding the origins of Paleoindian peoples in North America's Far West. It focuses primarily on technological evidence for the peopling of western North America, in the form of distinctive stemmed projectile points found in early sites around the Pacific Rim, a projectile technology quite different from the fluted points of the Clovis and Folsom traditions. Results suggest that the Pacific Coast was at the epicenter of Paleoindian origins and may link the initial colonization of the Americas to one of the most significant maritime migrations in human history.
Jon Erlandson is Professor of Anthropology, University of Oregon.
Todd J. Braje is Assistant Professor of Anthropology, San Diego State University.
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