- The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy
- The Late Ancient Background to Medieval Philosophy
- Greek Philosophy
- Arabic Philosophy and Theology before Avicenna
- Avicenna and Afterwards
- Averroes and Philosophy in Islamic Spain
- Medieval Jewish Philosophy in Arabic
- Jewish Philosophy in Hebrew
- Latin Philosophy to 1200
- Latin Philosophy, 1200–1350
- Latin Philosophy, 1350–1550
- Medieval Philosophy after the Middle Ages
- Logical Form
- Logical Consequence
- Meaning: Foundational and Semantic Theories
- Mental Language
- States of Affairs
- Parts, Wholes and Identity
- Material Substance
- Mind and Hylomorphism
- Body and Soul
- Scepticism and Metaphysics
- Freedom of the Will
- Moral Intention
- Virtue and Law
- Natural Law
- Arguments for the Existence of God
- Philosophy and the Trinity
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines some dimensions of three concepts of rights as they resonated in the political and legal philosophy of the Middle Ages: legal rights, natural rights, and human rights. It aims to unravel some of the complexities involved in the “overlapping” of systems of legal rights with reference to John of Paris, who rejected simplistic or reductionistic accounts of supreme authority over persons and goods. The article also evaluates the strengths and limitations of recent scholarship's efforts to identify the origins of natural rights theory in various ideas of ius naturale propounded by medieval legal, philosophical, and theological thinkers, looking at work of Michel Villey and Brian Tierney. Lastly, it aims to show that several languages of rights found during the Middle Ages can be shown to possess coherence and cogency.
Cary J. Nederman is Professor of Political Science at Texas A&M University and the author or editor of more than twenty books, including, most recently, Mind Matters: Medieval and Early Modern Essays in Honour of Marcia Colish (2010), Lineages of European Political Thought: Explorations along the Medieval/Modern Divide (2009), and Machiavelli (2009).
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