- The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy
- The Late Ancient Background to Medieval Philosophy
- Greek Philosophy
- Arabic Philosophy and Theology before Avicenna
- Avicenna and Afterwards
- Averroes and Philosophy in Islamic Spain
- Medieval Jewish Philosophy in Arabic
- Jewish Philosophy in Hebrew
- Latin Philosophy to 1200
- Latin Philosophy, 1200–1350
- Latin Philosophy, 1350–1550
- Medieval Philosophy after the Middle Ages
- Logical Form
- Logical Consequence
- Meaning: Foundational and Semantic Theories
- Mental Language
- States of Affairs
- Parts, Wholes and Identity
- Material Substance
- Mind and Hylomorphism
- Body and Soul
- Scepticism and Metaphysics
- Freedom of the Will
- Moral Intention
- Virtue and Law
- Natural Law
- Arguments for the Existence of God
- Philosophy and the Trinity
Abstract and Keywords
This article argues that the most difficult conceptual hurdle in the way of a contemporary analytical philosopher trying to approach medieval philosophy is the notion of being or existence. It considers the recent criticism of an eminent analytical philosopher, Sir Anthony Kenny, of the doctrine of being of an equally eminent medieval philosopher-theologian, Thomas Aquinas. The article also develops a reconstruction of the doctrine of Aquinas that is just as exact and accessible as the Fregean doctrine which serves as Kenny's background, and is able to provide adequate replies to Kenny's main objections.
Gyula Klima is Professor of Philosophy at Fordham University, New York, and author of ARS ARTIUM: Essays in Philosophical Semantics, Medieval and Modern (1988), John Buridan: Summulae de Dialectica, an annotated translation with a philosophical introduction (2001), and Readings in Medieval Philosophy (2007). His most recent book is John Buridan (2009).
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