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date: 16 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews past research and theory related to the early development of attention beginning with the most commonly used behavioral measures of infant visual attention. The developmental course of visual attention in infancy and early childhood is then described with a focus on the relevant behavioral and psychophysiological findings and recent work relating these findings to developmental change occurring in the brain in early development. Several theoretical models of the development of visual attention are discussed, including Richards’ (2001, 2008, 2010) model of a general arousal/attention system. We conclude with a discussion of individual differences in infant attention and present a series of suggestions for future directions in research on attention in infancy and early childhood.

Keywords: infancy, visual attention, event-related potentials, cognitive development, source analysis

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