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date: 30 March 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The nature of human intelligence has been discussed and debated for literally thousands of years. The purpose of this chapter is to identify and critique several contemporary theories of human intelligence. In general, we attempted to identify those theories that are currently having a significant impact within the social sciences, including psychology, cognitive science, and education, or those that have potential for having such an impact. We highlight some theories, such as the CHC theory and the PASS model, that are closely tied to the measurement of intelligence. We then discuss theories (such as Multiple Intelligences and Successful Intelligence) that have been created, in part, to respond to what is missing in traditional intelligence tests. Finally, we highlight theories that are grounded in the latest research on cognition and neuroscience. This last group includes the Multiple Mechanisms Approach, the Parieto-frontal Integration, Minimal Cognitive Architecture, and Dual-Process theories.

Keywords: intelligence, IQ, cognition, memory, planning, knowledge, attention, nonverbal, verbal, achievement

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