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date: 20 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Analogy is a kind of similarity in which the same system of relations holds across different objects. Analogies thus capture parallels across different situations. When such a common structure is found, then what is known about one situation can be used to infer new information about the other. This chapter describes the processes involved in analogical reasoning, reviews foundational research and recent developments in the field, and proposes new avenues of investigation.

Keywords: analogy, mapping, inference, reasoning, relational structure, structural alignment, relational similarity, structure mapping, metaphor

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