- Oxford Library Of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Obsessive Compulsive and Spectrum Disorders
- Short Contents
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editor
- Phenomenology and Epidemiology of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Phenomenology and Epidemiology of Body Dysmorphic Disorder
- Phenomenology and Characteristics of Compulsive Hoarding
- Phenomenology and Epidemiology of Tic Disorders and Trichotillomania
- Genetic Understanding of OCD and Spectrum Disorders
- Neuroanatomy of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders
- Information Processing in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Related Problems
- The Role of Family and Social Relationships in OCD and Spectrum Conditions
- Personality Features of OCD and Spectrum Conditions
- Psychological Models of Obsessive Compulsive and Spectrum Disorders: <i>From Psychoanalytic to Behavioral Conceptualizations</i>
- Cognitive Approaches to Understanding Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders
- Assessing OCD Symptoms and Severity
- Assessing Comorbidity, Insight, Family and Functioning in OCD
- Pharmacological Treatments for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Other Biological Approaches to OCD
- Exposure-Based Treatment for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Cognitive Treatment for OCD
- Combining Pharmacotherapy and Psychological Treatments for OCD
- Additive and Alternative Approaches to Treating Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Treatment of Body Dysmorphic Disorder
- Treatment of Compulsive Hoarding
- Treatment of Tic Disorders and Trichotillomania
- OCD and Spectrum Conditions in Older Adults
- Obsessive Compulsive Spectrum Disorders in Children and Adolescents
- Cultural Issues in Understanding and Treating Obsessive Compulsive and Spectrum Disorders
- Future Research on Obsessive Compulsive and Spectrum Conditions
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses the cross-cultural understanding of the obsessive compulsive and spectrum disorders. Epidemiological studies suggest a reasonably consistent prevalence of OCD around the world. The role of other culturally influenced factors in the presentation of OCD is also considered (i.e., religiosity, superstition, and beliefs), with religion considered particularly important in the presentation of OCD, although not in its prevalence per se. Treatment effect sizes across countries and within minority cultures from Western countries are outlined. The influence of cultural factors on help-seeking behaviors, assessment, misdiagnosis, and treatment are considered. Limitations of the literature base are discussed, particularly the lack of non-Western studies of treatment effects, and the low evidence base for the spectrum disorders.
Maja Nedeljkovic, Brain and Psychological Science Research Centre (BPsyC), Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia.
Richard Moulding, Brain and Psychological Science Research Centre (BPsyC), Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia.
Elham Foroughi, University of Melbourne, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia.
Research School of Psychology, The Australian National University
Guy Doron, Interdisciplinary Centre (IDC), Herzilya Herzilya, Israel.
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