- Oxford Library Of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Obsessive Compulsive and Spectrum Disorders
- Short Contents
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editor
- Phenomenology and Epidemiology of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Phenomenology and Epidemiology of Body Dysmorphic Disorder
- Phenomenology and Characteristics of Compulsive Hoarding
- Phenomenology and Epidemiology of Tic Disorders and Trichotillomania
- Genetic Understanding of OCD and Spectrum Disorders
- Neuroanatomy of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders
- Information Processing in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Related Problems
- The Role of Family and Social Relationships in OCD and Spectrum Conditions
- Personality Features of OCD and Spectrum Conditions
- Psychological Models of Obsessive Compulsive and Spectrum Disorders: <i>From Psychoanalytic to Behavioral Conceptualizations</i>
- Cognitive Approaches to Understanding Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders
- Assessing OCD Symptoms and Severity
- Assessing Comorbidity, Insight, Family and Functioning in OCD
- Pharmacological Treatments for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Other Biological Approaches to OCD
- Exposure-Based Treatment for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Cognitive Treatment for OCD
- Combining Pharmacotherapy and Psychological Treatments for OCD
- Additive and Alternative Approaches to Treating Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Treatment of Body Dysmorphic Disorder
- Treatment of Compulsive Hoarding
- Treatment of Tic Disorders and Trichotillomania
- OCD and Spectrum Conditions in Older Adults
- Obsessive Compulsive Spectrum Disorders in Children and Adolescents
- Cultural Issues in Understanding and Treating Obsessive Compulsive and Spectrum Disorders
- Future Research on Obsessive Compulsive and Spectrum Conditions
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter briefly describes tic disorders and trichotillomania (TTM) and reviews the pharmacotherapy and psychosocial treatment outcome literature for each of these conditions. In contrast to anxiety or depression, distorted or maladaptive cognitions do not appear to play a central role in the etiology or maintenance of tic disorders and TTM, and therefore cognitive therapy is not emphasized in the psychosocial treatments studied to date. Treatment protocols are best characterized as “behavioral,” although some include ancillary cognitive interventions. Behavioral treatments that include habit reversal training (HRT) appear to hold the greatest promise for each of these conditions, and these are described in some detail. Future directions in treatment research are suggested.
Martin E. Franklin, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.
Diana Antinoro, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.
Emily J. Ricketts is a professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee in Milwaukee, WI.
Douglas W. Woods is a professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee in Milwaukee, WI.
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