- Animals in Classical and Late Antique Philosophy
- Animals and Ethics in the History of Modern Philosophy
- Interacting with Animals: A Kantian Account
- Virtue Ethics and the Treatment of Animals
- A Humean Account of the Status and Character of Animals
- Utilitarianism and Animals
- Rights Theory and Animal Rights
- The Capabilities Approach and Animal Entitlements
- The Idea of Moral Standing
- Animals, Fundamental Moral Standing, and Speciesism
- Human Animals and Nonhuman Persons
- Are Nonhuman Animals Persons?
- Animal Mentality: Its Character, Extent, and Moral Significance
- Mindreading and Moral Significance in Nonhuman Animals
- Minimal Minds
- Beyond Anthropomorphism: Attributing Psychological Properties to Animals
- Animal Pain and Welfare: Can Pain Sometimes Be Worse for Them than for Us?
- Animals That Act for Moral Reasons
- The Moral Life of Animals
- On the Origin of Species Notions and Their Ethical Limitations
- On the Nature of Species and the Moral Significance of their Extinction
- Are All Species Equal?
- Genetically Modified Animals: Should There Be Limits to Engineering the Animal Kingdom?
- Human/Nonhuman Chimeras: Assessing the Issues
- The Moral Relevance of the Distinction Between Domesticated and Wild Animals
- The Moral Significance of Animal Pain and Animal Death
- The Ethics of Confining Animals: From Farms to Zoos to Human Homes
- Keeping Pets
- Animal Experimentation in Biomedical Research
- Ethical Issues in the Application of Biotechnology to Animals in Agriculture
- Environmental Ethics, Hunting, and the Place of Animals
- The Use of Animals in Toxicological Research
- What's Ethics Got to Do with it?: The Roles of Government Regulation in Research-Animal Protection
- Literary Works and Animal Ethics
Abstract and Keywords
This article begins with the question of whether ethics has much to do with normative questions of government policy for the oversight of animal research. It notes that ethics is the normative backbone of such policies—both for animal subjects and human subjects. It finds that numerous parallels have evolved with respect to government-mandated oversight regimes in both the human and the nonhuman animal domains: rules regarding acceptable risk, inappropriate treatment of research subjects, prospective review and approval of proposed research, and institutional oversight committees. Nonetheless, the rules for research on animals depart from those for human research in fundamental ways, and ones that raise moral concerns about whether policies for animal research review are adequate. Policies for human research protections follow and are based on well-articulated moral principles. But the case of animal research has no such clear connection between policies and principles.
Jeffrey Kahn is the Maas Family Endowed Chair in Bioethics and Director of the Center for Bioethics at the University of Minnesota. He holds additional faculty appointments in the university's Medical School, School of Public Health, and Department of Philosophy. He has published over seventy‐five articles in both the bioethics and medical literature, serves on numerous state and federal advisory panels, and speaks nationally and internationally on a range of bioethics topics. From 1998 to 2002 he also wrote the bi‐weekly column ‘Ethics Matters’ on CNN.com.
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