Abstract and Keywords
This chapter describes and reviews the evidence for a range of psychological treatments to assist children with medical problems. The interventions discussed in this chapter are designed to address the distress associated with a range of medical problems in children by reducing stress and anxiety, improving patients’ abilities to cope with their illness, and by encouraging developmentally appropriate behaviors to promote social, academic and family functioning. The focus of this chapter is on the treatment of chronic, nonmalignant pain, since this condition involves the complex interaction of biological, psychological and social aspects and is thus well suited to psychosocial intervention. This biopsychosocial model is at the core of psychological interventions for chronic medical problems in children which aim to promote active, adaptive coping with symptoms and illness-related disability.
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