Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 19 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Why individuals differ typically involves the study of practically inseparable influences of multiple dimensions of complex and confounded environmental, genetic, and epigenetic factors. With respect to the practice of school psychology within the context of historical, social, and political influences on education, studies dealing with individual differences, and the application of knowledge gained from these, are challenging and often controversial. It is difficult to simultaneously embrace both the values of individualism and egalitarianism—values that are deeply rooted in American education. The primary intent of this chapter is to present findings of replicated and recent research on individual differences, with emphasis on general cognitive functioning, genetic, and epigenetic factors that influence commonly desired life outcomes. Further, we suggest relevant educational and psychological applications of these findings to promote the design of optimal environments that facilitate individual functioning.

Keywords: general intelligence, g, general cognitive ability, intelligence, academic achievement, heterosis, epigenetics

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.