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date: 10 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Although sport psychology is an interdisciplinary field, it has a natural and strong philosophical and historical connection to counseling psychology. With this connection as the foundation, we discuss sport psychology’s history and identify the current issues in the field, such as graduate training and professional certification. We define mental toughness and identify the skills and strategies consultants use to assist athletes, teams, and coaches in attaining it and improving their performances. Several clinical issues are then discussed in the context of the uniqueness of the sport environment. Given the centrality of training to the field, we present an ideal training model for students and professionals who want to be applied sport psychologists. Finally, we identify the issues that we believe will define the future of applied sport psychology and offer suggestions on how to address them.

Keywords: sport psychology, mental toughness, applied training, eating disorders, athletic injury, professional issues, sport psychology values, performance enhancement interventions

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