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date: 29 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter addresses critical issues for counseling psychologists regarding sexual minority people. The first section lays the groundwork for the chapter by defining relevant terms and framing sexual orientations and identities in a social constructionist context. Then, assumptions and values of counseling psychologists that are relevant to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) orientations and identities are clarified. The second section of the chapter focuses on research issues with LGBT people. Next, the chapter explores sexual orientations and identities in the identity development process and in coming out. Finally, it addresses LGBT-affirmative counseling and psychotherapy, including multicultural competence in working with sexual minorities, relationship and family issues, spiritual and religious issues, and multiple identities and intersections. It ends with a call for activism on the part of counseling psychologists and identifies future directions for counseling psychology research and practice.

Keywords: lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, LGBT, sexual minority, sexual orientation, sexual identity

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