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date: 23 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews quantitative and qualitative methodologies most frequently used in counseling psychology research. We begin with a review of the paradigmatic bases and epistemological stances of quantitative and qualitative research, followed by overviews of both approaches to empirical research in counseling psychology. In these overviews, our goal is to provide a broad conceptual understanding of the “why” of these methods. Among the quantitative methods receiving attention are analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), factor analysis, structural equation modeling, and discriminant analysis. We include discussion of such qualitative methods as grounded theory, narratology, phenomenology, ethnography, and participatory action research. Important general issues in designing qualitative studies are also discussed. The chapter concludes with a discussion of mixed methods in research and the importance of knowledge of both major approaches in order to maximally utilize findings from our rich and diverse counseling psychology literature.

Keywords: quantitative research methods, qualitative research methods, methods in counseling psychology research

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