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date: 30 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews major recent findings in Asperger Syndrome (AS), ranging from behavior to neurobiology, and focusing both on social cognitive and executive processes and their interactions. The study of AS benefits from several lines of research on one hand, but on the other hand a lot of controversy remains as to whether the results of individual studies can be generalized to the entire AS population. This obviously highlights the need for further extensive research. But it also demonstrates a very hopeful and intense period for research aiming at: 1) better characterizing the clinical, behavioral, and cognitive phenotypes; 2) building a new conceptual framework through an integrative approach mixing emotional/social cognition and other areas of cognition; and 3) progressively supplanting the localizationism realm by applying recent massive advances in neuroimaging techniques and analysis that explore connectivity and functional interactions in large scale dynamic brain networks.

Keywords: Asperger syndrome, autism, social neuroscience, emotion, imitation, face processing, empathy, executive functions, flexibility, cognitive style, diagnosis, neuroimaging, neuroanatomy, functional connectivity

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