Abstract and Keywords
This chapter presents an introduction to cultural neuroscience. Cultural neuroscience is an emerging research discipline that investigates cultural variation in psychological, neural, and genomic processes as a means of articulating the bidirectional relationship of these processes and their emergent properties. Research in cultural neuroscience is motivated by two intriguing questions of human nature: How do cultural traits (e.g., values, beliefs, practices) shape neurobiology (e.g., genetic and neural processes) and behavior; and how do neurobiological mechanisms (e.g., genetic and neural processes) facilitate the emergence and transmission of cultural traits?
Keywords: cultural neuroscience, transcultural neuroimaging, cultural psychology, neuroscience, individualism-collectivism, population genetics, neurogenetics, culture-gene coevolution, social neuroscience, neuroanthropology, gene-environment interaction
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