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date: 28 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter argues that links between social relationships and health are largely mediated through the impact of social relationships on emotion and emotional responding—that the social regulation of emotion not only largely accounts for these observations, but that it is indeed the baseline or default emotion regulatory strategy employed by most or all social animals, a perspective called the social baseline model. Social forms of emotion regulation can be mediational, where the presence of a social resource directly modifies an ongoing emotional response; or moderational, where socially relevant personality factors, past social experiences, or cognitive representations of either current relational partners or broader social networks modify an individual’s self-regulation needs or capabilities.

Keywords: emotion, emotion regulation, social proximity, social interaction, attachment, physiology, neurobiology, behavioral ecology

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