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date: 22 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the social consequences of immigration to the United States in three major areas: work—how immigration has changed the occupational division of labor and led to new ethnic occupational niches; ethnoracial relations—specifically, relations between immigrants and long-established native minorities; and community institutions—how immigration has affected schools, hospitals, and religious congregations. At the worksite, immigration has created and reproduced immigrant and ethnic enclaves. Even in urban workplaces and schools that have a multiethnic character, people often gravitate toward those with whom they share common cultural understandings and language, and immigrants also may adopt distancing strategies to distinguish themselves from African Americans. Immigrants have brought striking changes to community institutions, often resulting in conflicts over language, among other issues, in an almost endless diversity of national, state, and local policy questions.

Keywords: immigrants, social impact, work, race relations, community institutions

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