Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the environmental, practical, and socio-economic aspects of rural life in Late Antiquity. It focuses on the period between the accession of Diocletian in the late third century and the establishment of the Rashidun Caliphate on the eastern fringes of the Roman world in the first half of the seventh century. The discussion springs from two seemingly contradictory assumptions. The first is that the rural landscapes of the late Roman world were almost infinitely diverse in terms of physical topography, economic structures, and social systems. The second is that peasant communities exhibit certain behaviors that are broadly congruent and comparable across time and space.
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