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date: 12 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The Roman imperial army was the largest state-run organization of the Roman Empire with well over 400,000 soldiers and officers serving in Rome, Italy, the provinces, and some even beyond. Men from all levels of Roman society and from all parts of the empire joined this army. The widespread use of inscriptions, even in areas where there was previously no comparable local tradition, reveals the extent to which the military community was rooted in Roman culture. This chapter analyzes this phenomenon, allowing for and explaining the differences in culture due to regional influences and developments.

Keywords: inscriptions, Roman army, “military inscriptions, ” “tituli militares, ” military units, legions, Roman auxiliaries, alae, cohortes, military recruitment, religion, military life, military diplomas

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