- The Oxford Handbook of Spinoza
- Commonly Cited English Translations
- The Virtues of Geometry
- From Maimonides to Spinoza: Three Versions of an Intellectual Transition
- Spinoza and Descartes
- The Building Blocks of Spinoza’s Metaphysics: Substance, Attributes, and Modes
- But Why Was Spinoza a Necessitarian?
- The Principle of Sufficient Reason in Spinoza
- Spinoza and the Philosophy of Science: Mathematics, Motion, and Being
- Representation, Misrepresentation, and Error in Spinoza’s Philosophy of Mind
- Finite Subjects in the Ethics: Spinoza on Indexical Knowledge, the First Person, and the Individuality of Human Minds
- Spinoza on Skepticism
- The Highest Good and Perfection in Spinoza
- Spinoza on Mind
- The Intellectual Love of God
- The Metaphysics of Affects or the Unbearable Reality of Confusion
- Spinoza’s Unorthodox Metaphysics of the Will
- Spinoza’s Philosophy of Religion
- Spinoza’s Political Philosophy
- Leibniz’s Encounter with Spinoza’s Monism, October 1675 to February 1678
- Playing with Fire: Hume, Rationalism, and a Little Bit of Spinoza
- Kant and Spinoza Debating the Third Antinomy
- “Nothing Comes from Nothing”: Judaism, the Orient, and Kabbalah in Hegel’s Reception of Spinoza
- Nietzsche and Spinoza: Enemy-Brothers
- Spinoza’s Afterlife in Judaism and the Task of Modern Jewish Philosophy
- Spinoza’s Relevance to Contemporary Metaphysics
- Literary Spinoza
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter consists of two parts. The first part focuses on the idea of God that Spinoza speaks about in E2p3. It will be claimed that there is a sense in which Spinoza’s so-called parallelism between mental and physical realms can be treated roughly as a corollary to there being an idea of God. Spinoza started his thinking about the relation between thought and extension from above, i.e. from the infinite idea of God and its relation to infinite extension and then descended to particular minds and their relation to particular bodies. This is why any investigation of mind-body relation has to start from God’s mind or intellect. In the second part, these finite thinkers and their relation to modes of extension is investigated. Spinoza’s grand view is that the durational existence of these finite thinkers is dependent on a subset of God’s ideas of actual bodies. Thus, for Spinoza any mind is the idea of its corresponding body.
Olli Koistinen is Professor at the Department of Philosophy, Contemporary History, and Political Science at the University of Turku, Finland. He works mainly on early modern philosophy and has published papers on Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, and Kant. He has edited The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza’s Ethics and, with John Biro, Spinoza: Metaphysical Themes.
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