- The Oxford Handbook of Spinoza
- Commonly Cited English Translations
- The Virtues of Geometry
- From Maimonides to Spinoza: Three Versions of an Intellectual Transition
- Spinoza and Descartes
- The Building Blocks of Spinoza’s Metaphysics: Substance, Attributes, and Modes
- But Why Was Spinoza a Necessitarian?
- The Principle of Sufficient Reason in Spinoza
- Spinoza and the Philosophy of Science: Mathematics, Motion, and Being
- Representation, Misrepresentation, and Error in Spinoza’s Philosophy of Mind
- Finite Subjects in the Ethics: Spinoza on Indexical Knowledge, the First Person, and the Individuality of Human Minds
- Spinoza on Skepticism
- The Highest Good and Perfection in Spinoza
- Spinoza on Mind
- The Intellectual Love of God
- The Metaphysics of Affects or the Unbearable Reality of Confusion
- Spinoza’s Unorthodox Metaphysics of the Will
- Spinoza’s Philosophy of Religion
- Spinoza’s Political Philosophy
- Leibniz’s Encounter with Spinoza’s Monism, October 1675 to February 1678
- Playing with Fire: Hume, Rationalism, and a Little Bit of Spinoza
- Kant and Spinoza Debating the Third Antinomy
- “Nothing Comes from Nothing”: Judaism, the Orient, and Kabbalah in Hegel’s Reception of Spinoza
- Nietzsche and Spinoza: Enemy-Brothers
- Spinoza’s Afterlife in Judaism and the Task of Modern Jewish Philosophy
- Spinoza’s Relevance to Contemporary Metaphysics
- Literary Spinoza
Abstract and Keywords
This article considers the relation of Spinoza’s thought to the project in Descartes of providing new foundations for philosophy. The importance of this relation is indicated by the fact that Spinoza’s first published work is a reconstruction of portions of Descartes’s Principia Philosophiae. Following a consideration of this reconstruction that highlights the ways in which its views differ from Spinoza’s own, there is an examination of the manner in which Spinoza revises the foundational claims in Descartes concerning the nature of body as an extended thing, the nature of mind as a thinking thing, and the nature of God as infinite substance. Whereas Spinoza deviates in important ways from Descartes’s conception of extension and thought, there are some significant points of agreement with respect to Descartes’s doctrine of God’s creation of eternal truths.
Tad M. Schmaltz is Professor of Philosophy and James B. and Grace J. Nelson Fellow at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He has published articles and book chapters on various topics in early modern philosophy and is the author of Malebranche's Theory of the Soul (1996), Radical Cartesianism (2002), Descartes on Causation (2008), and Early Modern Cartesianisms (2017).
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