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date: 10 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Taking positive psychology to the workplace, a core construct of psychological capital or PsyCap (consisting of efficacy, hope, optimism, and resiliency) has recently received considerable attention. After summarizing this literature, the chapter is mainly devoted to presenting an integrated model of PsyCap to meet the challenges of further development. Specifically, this new model (1) recognizes negative as well as positive constructs, (2) incorporates traits as well as states, (3) uses multiple levels of analysis, and (4) is aimed at a broad range of work-related outcomes. The chapter concludes with several specific directions for future research and effective application.

Keywords: positive organizational behavior, psychological capital, multilevel psychological capital, workplace positive psychology

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