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date: 20 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Balancing work and family demands is a critical challenge facing most employees. While much of the extant literature on the topic of work—family has traditionally focused on how work and family roles conflict, more recent research has begun to realize that individuals can achieve work—life balance and can actually improve their quality of life by participating in both roles. The present chapter begins with a brief discussion of work—family conflict, followed by a discussion of the more recent concept of work—family balance and the positive outcomes associated with it. Both organizational initiatives and individual coping strategies to facilitate work—life balance are discussed here. Finally, work—family facilitation, a concept that emphasizes that participation in both work and family roles can improve one's quality of life is introduced. Directions for research and implications for practice are also discussed.

Keywords: work—life balance, work—family conflict, work—family facilitation, organizational initiatives, coping strategies

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