- Introduction: Transformation of an Unnatural Country
- The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
- Canada: A Double Federation
- Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations: Workhorse of the Federation
- Local Government
- Parliament and Legislatures: Central to Canadian Democracy?
- First Ministers, Cabinet, and the Public Service
- Political Parties and the Practice of Brokerage Politics
- Political Parties and the Electoral System
- Challenge and Change: Elections and Voting
- The Deliberative and Adversarial Attitudes of Interest Groups
- Public Opinion and Public Policy
- Politics and the Media: Culture, Technology, and Regulation
- Ethnic, Linguistic, and Multicultural Diversity of Canada
- Women in Canadian Politics
- Beyond the “Indian Problem”: Aboriginal Peoples and the Transformation of Canada
- Canada and the World: Beyond Middle Power
- Canada–United States Relations
- Trade, Globalization, and Canadian Prosperity
- Continuities and Change in the Design of Canada's Social Architecture
- Health Care
- Science and Technology: Politicians and the Public
- Canadian Environmental Politics and Policy
- Defense and Security
- Democratic Reform: The Search for Guiding Principles
Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses Canada's social architecture. It considers intergovernmental relations as it illustrates the shifting intersections of institutional arrangements in four key welfare-producing sectors: the state, the family, the market, and the community. The article discusses the policy instruments and the program designs: both serve as a yardstick against which to measure the content of social policy. Special attention is accorded to the income security instruments and programs of social policy of Canada after 1945, the main goal of which was to increase the social security of all categories of the population so as to redistribute income from rich to poor.
Jane Jenson holds the Canada Research Chair in Citizenship and Governance, Département de science politique, Université de Montréal.
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