- Introduction: Transformation of an Unnatural Country
- The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
- Canada: A Double Federation
- Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations: Workhorse of the Federation
- Local Government
- Parliament and Legislatures: Central to Canadian Democracy?
- First Ministers, Cabinet, and the Public Service
- Political Parties and the Practice of Brokerage Politics
- Political Parties and the Electoral System
- Challenge and Change: Elections and Voting
- The Deliberative and Adversarial Attitudes of Interest Groups
- Public Opinion and Public Policy
- Politics and the Media: Culture, Technology, and Regulation
- Ethnic, Linguistic, and Multicultural Diversity of Canada
- Women in Canadian Politics
- Beyond the “Indian Problem”: Aboriginal Peoples and the Transformation of Canada
- Canada and the World: Beyond Middle Power
- Canada–United States Relations
- Trade, Globalization, and Canadian Prosperity
- Continuities and Change in the Design of Canada's Social Architecture
- Health Care
- Science and Technology: Politicians and the Public
- Canadian Environmental Politics and Policy
- Defense and Security
- Democratic Reform: The Search for Guiding Principles
Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses political parties and the electoral system in Canada. It provides a literature that outlines the controversies of the party system of the nation. The article discusses the one-party dominance in Canadian politics, the volatility of political parties, the policy differences among parties, the weak social foundations that result in weak policy differences, the archaic divisions, the class basis, geography, federal–provincial gaps, and multipartism. It also discusses the fractionalization of the electorate, the polarized pluralism within the cultural dimension of the nation, the weakness of NDP, class politics, and the federal–provincial divergences within the province.
Richard Johnston is Distinguished University Scholar and Professor of Political Science, University of British Columbia, and former Professor of Political Science and Research Director of the National Annenberg Election Study, University of Pennsylvania.
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