Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 20 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article looks at the evolution of the concept of nature from a field for spiritual seeking into the broadening of Transcendentalism. The article also looks on the responses of major Transcendentalists towards that change. Despite having taken shape within Unitarianism, the Transcendentalist movement quickly developed into a comprehensive critique of capitalism that combined protoenvironmentalist attitudes with radical ideas about social reform. The article also talks about the involvement of major Transcendentalists in the movement. It was Ralph Waldo Emerson who led the Transcendentalist turn to nature by resigning his ministry at Boston's Second Church in 1832. The Transcendentalist ideal of the green city, which partly inspired the Brook Farmers, may be the movement's least well-recognized legacy. It developed in direct response to the realities of urbanization in the Northeast.

Keywords: environmentalism, capitalism, urbanization, conservation, nature

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.