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date: 28 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on how certain basic normative questions are addressed by Kant and various contemporary Kantians who interpret and extend Kant's theory. Kant's ethical writings are open to different interpretations, and the literature devoted to interpreting and extending his ideas is vast, diverse, and of mixed quality. When illustrating the action-guiding use of Kant's basic principles, this article limits its discussion by concentrating primarily on cases of beneficence and mutual aid rather than addressing a full range of moral problems. Its primary aim is to call attention to a variety of different ways in which contemporary Kantians are attempting to develop Kant's normative ethics. A secondary aim is to illustrate these different developments by relating them to a particular task that any normative ethical theory needs to address.

Keywords: Kant's theory, ethical writings, mutual aid, moral problems, normative ethics

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