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date: 14 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The declarative memory system, which supports “explicit” memory for facts and events, is known to be mediated by an integrated neural network including the medial temporal lobe, diencephalon, and the prefrontal cortex. This chapter focuses on the development of those declarative memory processes mediated by the medial temporal lobe structures, specifically, the hippocampus, entorhinal cortex, and perirhinal cortex. This chapter examines what we currently know about the morphological maturation of these structures in monkeys, as well as how these maturational patterns map onto the development of two types of declarative memory: recognition memory and relational memory. The current evidence indicates that the infant brain may use alternate neural pathways to support memory functions observed in adulthood.

Keywords: recognition memory, relational memory, hippocampus, perirhinal cortex, parahippocampal cortex

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