- The Substance of Coinage: The Role of Scientific Analysis in Ancient Numismatics
- Archaic and Classical Greek Coinage
- The Monetary Background of Early Coinage
- Asia Minor to the Ionian Revolt
- The Coinage of the Persian Empire
- The Coinage of Athens, Sixth to First Century B.C.
- Aegina, the Cyclades, and Crete
- The Coinage of Italy
- The Coinage of Sicily
- Greece and the Balkans to 360 B.C.
- The Hellenistic World
- Royal Hellenistic Coinages: From Alexander to Mithradates
- The Hellenistic World: The Cities of Mainland Greece and Asia Minor
- The Coinage of the Ptolemies
- The Seleucids
- Greek Coinages of Palestine
- The Coinage of the Parthians
- The Roman World
- Early Roman Coinage and Its Italian Context
- The Denarius Coinage of the Roman Republic
- The Julio-Claudians
- The Ancient Coinages of the Iberian Peninsula
- Flavian Coinage
- The Coinage of the Roman Provinces through Hadrian
- Trajan and Hadrian
- Antonine Coinage
- The Provinces after Commodus
- Syria in the Roman Period, 64 BC–AD 260
- Roman Coinages of Palestine
- The Severans
- From Gordian III to the Gallic Empire (AD 238–274)
- The Later Third Century
- The Coinage of Roman Egypt
- Tetrarchy and the House of Constantine
- The Coinage of the Later Roman Empire, 364–498
- The Transformation of the West
- Marks of Value (Certain and Possible) on Late Roman Coins <i>with</i> Intrinsic Values (from Aurelian)
- Earliest Christian Symbols on Roman Coinsrichard abdy
Abstract and Keywords
With the enactment of Anastasius's monetary reforms of AD 498, the Western Roman Empire had collapsed and Constantinople now ruled over the rump state that was to be called the Byzantine Empire by historians. This period witnessed the continued dominance of Roman gold coinage, whose issue was zealously controlled by the emperor. It survived the fall of the western empire to become the core piece of the Byzantine Empire for centuries to come. Until AD 402, there were copious silver issues from numerous mints, but output was greatly reduced for much of the fifth century. There was an attempt in 379 to reform the bronze coinage again, providing three denominations. However, this too failed, and from the late fourth century, small denomination coins dominated the currency pool. After 425, only the nummus was produced, heralding an era in which there were only large-denomination gold and the tiniest coppers in circulation.
Sam Moorhead is National Finds Advisor for Iron Age and Roman coins in the Department of Portable Antiquities and Treasure at the British Museum. He has written extensively on Roman Britain and coin finds from across the Roman Empire.
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