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date: 06 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The Hasmonean rule over Palestine started with the expulsion of the Seleucids and ended in the first decades of the Roman rule. From then on, the minting of Jewish coins continued without interruption for almost two centuries under the rule of the Hasmonean kings. Hasmonean coins are distinguished by their long and interesting inscriptions in the Paleo-Hebrew script, as well as in Aramaic and in Greek. They also form the largest group of Jewish coins depicting motifs connected mainly with fertility. Other coins depict the designs of an anchor, a star and diadem, a palm branch, and a helmet. Most of these motifs were borrowed from the repertoire of Seleucid coin designs but appear here in a Jewish fashion. However, the most prominent symbol of Hasmonean coins is undoubtedly the double cornucopiae with a pomegranate between them and an inscription within a wreath on the reverse of the coin.

Keywords: Hasmonean rule, Palestine, coins, Roman rule, Jewish coins, minting

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