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date: 24 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article charts the rise and fall in the numbers of cities issuing bronze and the standards they used, focusing mainly on Asia Minor, the area with the most abundant coinage. The provincial bronze coinages reached their apogee in the early years of the third century, when hundreds of cities made issues sometimes comprising six denominations or more. More than 250 cities in Asia Minor made issues in bronze for Septimius Severus and family. Most of these cities issued coins only sporadically. Other factors that prompted cities to produce coins were: the celebration of games and festivals, homonoia with other cities, new buildings and titles, and imperial visits and benefactions by emperors or prominent citizens. Fifty years later, almost all had stopped issuing new coins, although civic bronzes may have continued to circulate alongside the imperial currency until the reforms of Aurelian and Diocletian toward the end of the century.

Keywords: Asia Minor, coinage, civic bronzes, imperial currency, coins

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