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date: 13 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter describes two potential frameworks for examining child effects in families of children with intellectual disability. The first framework is an etiology-specific framework, which is rooted in Hodapp's (1997) notion of direct and indirect effects in families of children with intellectual disability (ID) of different etiologies. This approach offers a proximal account of how a specific child factor—child diagnosis—can be linked to patterns of parent and family functioning. The second framework places the child effects phenomenon within a bio-anthropological paradigm. This paradigm offers a more distal account of child eliciting factors in children with disabilities, and takes into account evolutionary influences on parent-child relationships.

Keywords: Child eliciting effects, intellectual disability, families, etiology, parent-child relationship

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