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date: 09 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter offers a brief history of military discipline in ancient armies, and also investigates how and to what degree societies inflicted discipline on their soldiers, and how, in various ways, soldiers imposed discipline on themselves. Then, it addresses the evolution of military discipline from Greece until eventually something similar to a modern system developed in the early Roman Empire. The death of Alexander had precipitated almost fifty years of continuous warfare that ultimately resulted in the development of the Hellenistic monarchies. The Roman army represented something completely new in ancient Mediterranean warfare. It is observed that the Principate represented a major step in the evolution of ancient military discipline.

Keywords: military discipline, ancient armies, Roman citizen soldiers, Greece, Roman Empire, Alexander, Hellenistic monarchies, Roman army, Mediterranean warfare, Principate

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