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date: 17 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter, which explores the history of multi-city states in ancient Greece during the archaic and classical periods, explains that leaders of small city-states were forced to attempt to establish multi-city states because of increasing competition for scarce resources in an age of expanding population and pressures from neighboring cities. It analyzes why these attempts failed, arguing that it is more fruitful to consider state formation as an ongoing process of structural change than as a one-time event.

Keywords: multi-city states, ancient Greece, scarce resources, expanding population, state formation, archaic period, classical period

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