Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 21 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Religion in contemporary North America reflects the dynamic interplay of two widespread modernizing trends: pluralism and privatization. The societies of both the United States and Canada took shape culturally and religiously by migrant streams and continue to be shaped by them. From the beginning, there was far more religious pluralism in both Canada and the United States than history books would suggest. Though the dominant culture was Christian and Christian churches were institutionalized, enjoying a large following, there was nonetheless a rival Theosophical and New Thought movement manifesting itself in a variety of ways. They brought to American culture elements of spiritualism, nature worship, holistic thinking, and mind-cure. Less visible and less driven to proselytization, these movements have exerted greater influence than often has been acknowledged, and particularly so in urban centers. Also, there has been a fair amount of religious and cultural exchange among traditions as a result of encounters between Angles and Africans, Protestants and Catholics, Euro-Americans and indigenous people.

Keywords: North America, United States, Canada, pluralism, privatization, holistic thinking, Protestants, Catholics, spiritualism, nature worship

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.