Abstract and Keywords
Most of the world's faiths are represented in Russia. Eastern Orthodox Christians, Muslims, and Buddhists predominate in different regions of the Russian Federation. Jews, Roman Catholics, Protestants, and adherents of various native traditions are dispersed throughout the country as ethnoreligious minorities. Out of fifteen republics of the former Soviet Union, Russia is the only one comparable with the Russian Empire and the USSR in its cultural and ethnic diversity. Since the Communist atheistic policy and restrictions on religious activities were lifted in the late 1980s, Russia has experienced a religious revival and a multi-dimensional return of religion to the social realm. Today, religious institutions form a significant component of Russian civil society. However, religious consciousness in Russia is one of secularized religiosity. This article discusses religious communities in Russia, including Orthodox Christianity, Protestant Christianity, Roman Catholicism, Islam, Buddhism, and Judaism. It also examines the post-Soviet religious revival and the evolution of church-state relations in Russia.
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