Abstract and Keywords
Developed to treat highly suicidal patients and often associated with the treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) has evolved into a transdiagnostic treatment addressing emotion dysregulation. DBT is an emotion-focused, comprehensive cognitive-behavioral treatment including individual therapy, group skills training, between-session skills coaching (phone coaching), and a therapist consultation team. Several elements of DBT address emotion dysregulation directly or indirectly, including emotion regulation skills, distress tolerance strategies to dampen physiological arousal and curb impulses to engage in problematic behaviors, and individual therapy interventions to reduce emotion dysregulation. Growing evidence suggests that DBT may address behavioral, cognitive, physiological, and neurobiological aspects of emotion dysregulation. Future directions should include increasing multimethod research on the effects of DBT on emotion dysregulation, streamlining treatment, making DBT more efficient and targeted, and conceptualizing DBT’s place within the spectrum of other emotion-focused transdiagnostic treatments.
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