- The Oxford Handbook of U.S. National Security
- About the Editors
- Foreword: U.S. National Security for the Twenty-First Century
- Introduction: Shape and Scope of U.S. National Security
- America’s Foreign Policy Traditions
- National Interests and Grand Strategy
- U.S. Foreign Policymaking and National Security
- Civil-Military Relations
- The Presidency and Decision Making
- The National Security Council: Is It Effective, or Is It Broken?
- The National Security Process
- Intelligence and National Security Decision Making
- Congress and National Security
- Diplomacy, the State Department, and National Security
- Development Assistance: Rationale and Applications
- Understanding and Improving U.S. Financial Sanctions
- The Political Economy of Security
- Budgeting for National Security
- Military Force Planning and National Security
- Military Operations and the Defense Department
- Alliances, Military Basing, and Logistics
- Homeland Security
- The United States and Iran: Challenges of Deterrence and Compellence
- U.S. Nuclear Strategy: The Search for Meaning
- International Cyber Conflict and National Security
- Encryption Wars: Who Should Yield?
- Space and National Security
- Human (In)Security
- Climate Change and Environmental Security
- Political Violence
- Women’s Participation in Political Violence
- International Terrorism
- Threats and Dangers in the Twenty-First Century
- International Rivalry and National Security
- Interstate Rivalry in East Asia
- The Transatlantic Security Landscape in Europe
- U.S. National Security in the Western Hemisphere
- Epilogue: Five Lessons for National Security Policymakers
Abstract and Keywords
We now find an increasingly strong worldwide consensus that the phenomenon of climate change is real, fostered at least in part by human activities. This trend will have profound effects not only on local communities, societies, and regions but also on U.S. national security. Whereas the United States may have the resources to at least mitigate the effects of climate change within its own territory, most developing countries and their populations do not, and climate change will inevitably worsen already existing problems such as rising sea levels, desertification, and access to scarce water resources. This enhances the potential for conflict between societies and an unstable world order. The chapter defines and assesses the scope of environmental security concerns, focusing on important events, issues, and actors with implications for national and international security.
Kathleen A. Mahoney-Norris is Professor Emeritus, USAF Air Command and Staff College, Air University, having retired from full-time faculty status in 2015. She continues to teach online and develop a national security–focused curriculum for military officers and civilian professionals through Air University. She also served as an adjunct family member at the Air War College, teaching electives and the Latin American Regional Security Studies course—including serving as academic adviser for four student trips to the Latin American region. Her latest book is Human and National Security: Transnational Challenges. She received a PhD from the University of Denver and an MA from the University of Southern California.
Derek S. Reveron is a Professor of National Security Affairs at the U.S. Naval War College. He specializes in strategy development, non-state security challenges, and defense policy. He has authored or edited eleven books and is a faculty affiliate at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard Kennedy School. His recent books include: Exporting Security: International Engagement, Security Cooperation, and the Changing Face of the US Military and Human and National Security: Transnational Challenges. He teaches courses on grand strategy, foreign policy analysis, human security, and cybersecurity. He received an M.A. in Political Science and a Ph.D. in Public Policy Analysis from the University of Illinois at Chicago.
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