- Copyright Page
- Neurolinguistics: A Brief Historical Perspective
- Neurolinguistic Studies of Patients with Acquired Aphasias
- Electrophysiological Methods in the Study of Language Processing
- Studying Language with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)
- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Study the Neural Network Account of Language
- Magnetoencephalography and the Cortical Dynamics of Language Processing
- Shedding Light on Language Function and Its Development with Optical Brain Imaging
- What Has Direct Cortical and Subcortical Electrostimulation Taught Us about Neurolinguistics?
- Diffusion Imaging Methods in Language Sciences
- Neuroplasticity: Language and Emotional Development in Children with Perinatal Stroke
- The Neurolinguistics of Bilingualism: Plasticity and Control
- Language and Aging
- Language Plasticity in Epilepsy
- Language Development in Deaf Children: Sign Language and Cochlear Implants
- Neuromotor Organization of Speech Production
- The Neural Organization of Signed Language: Aphasia and Neuroscience Evidence
- Understanding How We Produce Written Words: Lessons from the Brain
- Motor Speech Disorders
- Investigating the Spatial and Temporal Components of Speech Production
- The Dorsal Stream Auditory-Motor Interface for Speech
- Neural Representations of Concept Knowledge
- Finding Concepts in Brain Patterns: From Feature Lists to Similarity Spaces
- The How and What of Object Knowledge in the Human Brain
- Neural Basis of Monolingual and Bilingual Reading
- Dyslexia and Its Neurobiological Basis
- Speech Perception: A Perspective from Lateralization, Motorization, and Oscillation
- Sentence Processing: Toward a Neurobiological Approach
- Comprehension of Metaphors and Idioms: An Updated Meta-analysis of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies
- Language Comprehension and Emotion: Where Are the Interfaces, and Who Cares?
- Grammatical Categories
- Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Agrammatism
- Verbal Working Memory
- Subcortical Contributions to Language
- Lateralization of Language
- Neural Mechanisms of Music and Language
Abstract and Keywords
The field of neuroanatomy of language is moving forward at a fast pace. This progression is partially due to the development of diffusion tractography, which has been used to describe white matter connections in the living human brain. For the field of neurolinguistics, this advancement is timely and important for two reasons. First, it allows clinical researchers to liberate themselves from neuroanatomical models of language derived from animal studies. Second, for the first time, it offers the possibility of testing network correlates of neurolinguistic models directly in the human brain. This chapter introduces the reader to general principles of diffusion imaging and tractography. Examples of its applications to normal language and its disorders will be used to explicate its potentials and limitations.
Stephanie J. Forkel is an Honorary Lecturer at the Departments of Neuroimaging and Forensic and Neurodevelopmental Sciences at the Sackler Institute of Translational Neurodevelopment, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience at King’s College London. She has a background in psychology and neurosciences, which she pg xivcurrently applies to identify neuroimaging predictors of language recovery after brain lesions using diffusion imaging.
Marco Catani is Professor of Neuroanatomy and Psychiatry at King’s College London and Honorary Consultant Psychiatrist at the Maudsley Hospital. He has contributed to the development of diffusion tractography methods applied to the study of white matter connections in the normal brain and in a wide range of neurodevelopmental and neurological disorders.
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