- Copyright Page
- Neurolinguistics: A Brief Historical Perspective
- Neurolinguistic Studies of Patients with Acquired Aphasias
- Electrophysiological Methods in the Study of Language Processing
- Studying Language with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)
- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Study the Neural Network Account of Language
- Magnetoencephalography and the Cortical Dynamics of Language Processing
- Shedding Light on Language Function and Its Development with Optical Brain Imaging
- What Has Direct Cortical and Subcortical Electrostimulation Taught Us about Neurolinguistics?
- Diffusion Imaging Methods in Language Sciences
- Neuroplasticity: Language and Emotional Development in Children with Perinatal Stroke
- The Neurolinguistics of Bilingualism: Plasticity and Control
- Language and Aging
- Language Plasticity in Epilepsy
- Language Development in Deaf Children: Sign Language and Cochlear Implants
- Neuromotor Organization of Speech Production
- The Neural Organization of Signed Language: Aphasia and Neuroscience Evidence
- Understanding How We Produce Written Words: Lessons from the Brain
- Motor Speech Disorders
- Investigating the Spatial and Temporal Components of Speech Production
- The Dorsal Stream Auditory-Motor Interface for Speech
- Neural Representations of Concept Knowledge
- Finding Concepts in Brain Patterns: From Feature Lists to Similarity Spaces
- The How and What of Object Knowledge in the Human Brain
- Neural Basis of Monolingual and Bilingual Reading
- Dyslexia and Its Neurobiological Basis
- Speech Perception: A Perspective from Lateralization, Motorization, and Oscillation
- Sentence Processing: Toward a Neurobiological Approach
- Comprehension of Metaphors and Idioms: An Updated Meta-analysis of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies
- Language Comprehension and Emotion: Where Are the Interfaces, and Who Cares?
- Grammatical Categories
- Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Agrammatism
- Verbal Working Memory
- Subcortical Contributions to Language
- Lateralization of Language
- Neural Mechanisms of Music and Language
Abstract and Keywords
Humans recognize, grasp, and manipulate objects on a daily basis. Critical to those behaviors is the ability to integrate information about visual structure, object function, and object-associated manipulation. This chapter reviews several lines of evidence that have documented a dissociation between representations of object function and representations of object manipulation. Drawing on a prior suggestion by Rothi, Heilman, and colleagues, the authors argue that this distinction runs parallel to a distinction made in the context of language processing, between abstract semantic representations of words and modality-specific representations of word forms. The studies that are reviewed in the chapter use a range of methods, including transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and cognitive neuropsychological investigations of patients with brain injuries. The chapter also reviews studies on the functional and structural connectivity between temporal and parietal areas that are implicated in processing function and manipulation knowledge, respectively. It concludes by outlining key issues that lie ahead, emphasizing the role that connectivity-based measures will likely play in developing an explicit model of how the brain deploys the right actions to the right objects. The authors suggest that there are further lessons to be learned from models of lexical access in developing a computationally explicit model of object-directed action.
Frank E. Garcea completed his PhD in Cognitive Neuroscience in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at the University of Rochester in July 2017. He is now a postdoctoral research fellow at the Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, where he studies language and action representation in brain-damaged individuals.
Bradford Z. Mahon is an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology at Carnegie Mellon University. He is Co-Editor-in-Chief of Cognitive Neuropsychology. His research program uses structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and behavioral testing in patients with acquired brain lesions to test cognitive and neural models of normal function, and to develop prognostic indicators of long-term recovery.
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