- Copyright Page
- Neurolinguistics: A Brief Historical Perspective
- Neurolinguistic Studies of Patients with Acquired Aphasias
- Electrophysiological Methods in the Study of Language Processing
- Studying Language with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)
- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Study the Neural Network Account of Language
- Magnetoencephalography and the Cortical Dynamics of Language Processing
- Shedding Light on Language Function and Its Development with Optical Brain Imaging
- What Has Direct Cortical and Subcortical Electrostimulation Taught Us about Neurolinguistics?
- Diffusion Imaging Methods in Language Sciences
- Neuroplasticity: Language and Emotional Development in Children with Perinatal Stroke
- The Neurolinguistics of Bilingualism: Plasticity and Control
- Language and Aging
- Language Plasticity in Epilepsy
- Language Development in Deaf Children: Sign Language and Cochlear Implants
- Neuromotor Organization of Speech Production
- The Neural Organization of Signed Language: Aphasia and Neuroscience Evidence
- Understanding How We Produce Written Words: Lessons from the Brain
- Motor Speech Disorders
- Investigating the Spatial and Temporal Components of Speech Production
- The Dorsal Stream Auditory-Motor Interface for Speech
- Neural Representations of Concept Knowledge
- Finding Concepts in Brain Patterns: From Feature Lists to Similarity Spaces
- The How and What of Object Knowledge in the Human Brain
- Neural Basis of Monolingual and Bilingual Reading
- Dyslexia and Its Neurobiological Basis
- Speech Perception: A Perspective from Lateralization, Motorization, and Oscillation
- Sentence Processing: Toward a Neurobiological Approach
- Comprehension of Metaphors and Idioms: An Updated Meta-analysis of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies
- Language Comprehension and Emotion: Where Are the Interfaces, and Who Cares?
- Grammatical Categories
- Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Agrammatism
- Verbal Working Memory
- Subcortical Contributions to Language
- Lateralization of Language
- Neural Mechanisms of Music and Language
Abstract and Keywords
Current understanding of the brain systems involved in language has been largely derived through the study of spoken languages. However, as naturally occurring manual-visual sign languages used in Deaf communities attest, human languages are not limited to the oral-aural modality. The existence of sign languages used in Deaf communities provides a unique opportunity to test the generality of biological models of human language. The comparison of neural systems supporting spoken and signed language allows researchers to distinguish brain systems that are common across human languages from brain systems that reflect the modality of language expression (e.g., auditory perceptual versus visual perceptual processes). These comparisons make it possible to address long-standing issues regarding the expression of language in the brain. Neuroimaging and aphasia studies of deaf signers reveal great commonalties in the neural systems used for sign and speech and provide evidence for a core neurobiological substrate for human linguistic communication. Also observed are cases of modality-specific patterns of brain activation and modality-specific language impairments that speak to functional specialization based upon sensory and motor systems unique to speech and sign. As increasingly sophisticated neurobiological models of language processing emerge, researchers are poised to ask new questions about the biological substrates of human communication is all its various forms.
David P. Corina is a Professor in the Departments of Linguistics and Psychology at the University of California, Davis. He is the Director of the Cognitive Neurolinguistics Laboratory at the Center for Mind and Brain. His research interests include the neural processing of signed and spoken languages and neural plasticity as a function of linguistic and altered sensory experience.
Laurel A. Lawyer is a Lecturer in Psycholinguistics at the University of Essex. Her work has looked at the intersection of phonological theory and speech perception, as well as aspects of deaf language processing. Her current work investigates morphological decomposition in speech perception, and ambient language processing in children with cochlear implants and normal hearing adults.
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