- Copyright Page
- Neurolinguistics: A Brief Historical Perspective
- Neurolinguistic Studies of Patients with Acquired Aphasias
- Electrophysiological Methods in the Study of Language Processing
- Studying Language with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)
- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Study the Neural Network Account of Language
- Magnetoencephalography and the Cortical Dynamics of Language Processing
- Shedding Light on Language Function and Its Development with Optical Brain Imaging
- What Has Direct Cortical and Subcortical Electrostimulation Taught Us about Neurolinguistics?
- Diffusion Imaging Methods in Language Sciences
- Neuroplasticity: Language and Emotional Development in Children with Perinatal Stroke
- The Neurolinguistics of Bilingualism: Plasticity and Control
- Language and Aging
- Language Plasticity in Epilepsy
- Language Development in Deaf Children: Sign Language and Cochlear Implants
- Neuromotor Organization of Speech Production
- The Neural Organization of Signed Language: Aphasia and Neuroscience Evidence
- Understanding How We Produce Written Words: Lessons from the Brain
- Motor Speech Disorders
- Investigating the Spatial and Temporal Components of Speech Production
- The Dorsal Stream Auditory-Motor Interface for Speech
- Neural Representations of Concept Knowledge
- Finding Concepts in Brain Patterns: From Feature Lists to Similarity Spaces
- The How and What of Object Knowledge in the Human Brain
- Neural Basis of Monolingual and Bilingual Reading
- Dyslexia and Its Neurobiological Basis
- Speech Perception: A Perspective from Lateralization, Motorization, and Oscillation
- Sentence Processing: Toward a Neurobiological Approach
- Comprehension of Metaphors and Idioms: An Updated Meta-analysis of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies
- Language Comprehension and Emotion: Where Are the Interfaces, and Who Cares?
- Grammatical Categories
- Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Agrammatism
- Verbal Working Memory
- Subcortical Contributions to Language
- Lateralization of Language
- Neural Mechanisms of Music and Language
Abstract and Keywords
The production of speech is a multistep process requiring close coordination between neurolinguistic, neurocognitive, and neuromotor processes to communicate fluently and seemingly effortlessly. This complex process, which combines speech-specific and domain-general neural mechanisms, involves a closed repertoire of motor programs to control over 100 muscles distributed over the face, neck, and abdomen. The process requires neuromotor mechanisms to implement phonological planning, response selection, sequencing, and timing, contextual adjustments of the motor programs, as well as action execution and response monitoring. Recent advances in neuroimaging and neuromodulation techniques have led to the emergence of neurobiologically realistic models of speech production, leading to more comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms involved in producing speech. This chapter reviews the most up-to-date knowledge on the neural organization of the brain systems involved in producing speech.
Pascale Tremblay is Associate Professor of Speech-Language Pathology at Université Laval in Quebec City, Canada, Researcher at the CERVO Brain Research Center, and Director of the Speech and Hearing Neuroscience Laboratory. Her research focuses on the cognitive neuroscience of speech perception and production and on cognitive aging.
Isabelle Deschamps is a Professor at Georgian College, Orillia, Ontario, Canada, and a Researcher in the Speech and Hearing Neuroscience Laboratory in Québec City. Her research focuses on the neural correlates of phonological processes during speech perception and production.
Anthony Steven Dick is Associate Professor of Developmental Science and Director of the Cognitive Neuroscience Program in the Department of Psychology at Florida International University, Miami. His research focus is on the developmental cognitive neuroscience of language and executive function.
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